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Unveiling Slavery in the Bible: Understanding Historical Context and Examining Modern Perspective

Updated: Jun 3, 2023

Slavery is a deeply troubling aspect of human history, and its presence in religious texts, including the Bible, has raised significant questions and concerns. In this blog post, we aim to explore the topic of slavery in the Bible, shedding light on its historical context, different types of slavery mentioned, and drawing connections to the issue of slavery in the modern world.

Understanding Slavery in the Bible

To grasp the concept of slavery in the Bible, it is crucial to consider its historical context. In ancient times, slavery was a common practice across various civilizations, and the Bible reflects this reality. However, it is important to note that the Bible does not explicitly endorse or condemn slavery as a moral good or evil. Instead, it provides guidelines to regulate and mitigate the harshness of the institution within the social fabric of that time. Types of Slavery in the Bible:

  1. Chattel Slavery: This form of slavery involved individuals being treated as property that could be bought, sold, and inherited. It was prevalent in the ancient world and is referenced in biblical passages such as Exodus 21:7-11 and Leviticus 25:44-46.

  2. Indentured Servitude: The Bible also mentions a form of temporary servitude in which individuals willingly entered contracts to repay debts or provide labor for a specific period. Leviticus 25:39-43 and Deuteronomy 15:12-18 outline regulations for such indentured servitude, emphasizing the importance of fair treatment and eventual release.

Slavery Today

While the practice of traditional chattel slavery has largely been abolished, it is disheartening to acknowledge that various forms of modern slavery persist in different parts of the world. These include:

  1. Forced Labor: Individuals are coerced into work through threats, violence, or deception.

  2. Debt Bondage: People are trapped in a cycle of labor to repay debts that are often manipulated and inflated by their employers.

  3. Human Trafficking: Men, women, and children are trafficked and exploited for various purposes, including forced labor and sexual exploitation, by means of coercion, fraud, manipulation, and/or force.

Addressing Modern Slavery

It is our collective responsibility to address and combat modern forms of slavery. Organizations and initiatives worldwide are working tirelessly to raise awareness, provide support to survivors, and advocate for policy changes. As individuals, we can contribute by:

  1. Educating Ourselves: Learning about modern slavery, its root causes, and its various manifestations is crucial to understanding the issue and becoming effective advocates for change.

  2. Supporting Ethical Practices: Making informed consumer choices by supporting brands and companies that have transparent supply chains and adhere to fair labor practices. The Department of Labor has an app titled Sweat and Toil that houses reports on forced labor and ethical supply chains including products that have been manufactured by trafficking. This app can be downloaded on both Google Play and the App Store.

  3. Supporting Anti-Slavery Organizations: Contributing our time, resources, or donations to organizations dedicated to combating modern slavery and supporting survivors. Exchange Initiative has an app called TraffickCam where images of hotel rooms can be uploaded, forming a database that investigators use to pinpoint the location of a victim. This app can be downloaded on Google Play for Androids and in the App Store for iPhones.

Learn more about our cause and donate below


Slavery is an undeniable part of human history, and its existence in the Bible is a complex and sensitive subject. While the Bible provides guidelines for the treatment of slaves in ancient times, it does not justify or promote the institution. Today, as we confront modern forms of slavery, it is crucial to raise awareness, advocate for change, and work towards a world where every individual is treated with dignity and respect, free from the chains of oppression.

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